Types of Tokencoin Offerings

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)

Initial Coin Offerings, or ICOs, were previously the industry’s most popular means of acquiring funds. Start-ups seeking investment need merely to provide a whitepaper detailing the proposed system’s functionality. Then, in the future, there will be a token sale, with coins serving as a functioning unit of money. It’s important to note that investing in an ICO does not give you ownership of the company you’re supporting.

Initial Coin Offerings

Advantages of an ICO

  • Anyone can buy tokens: Tokens sold in the initial coin offering can be sold to anyone, as most purchases are anonymous.
  • Instant Buy-In, no Middleman: Once a cryptocurrency is created and launched, it can be sold immediately in the cryptocurrency market.

Disadvantages of an ICO

  • A large number of scams: ICOs are frauds because they are mainly unregulated, and uninformed investors are the victims of this swindle.
  • They are easy to hack

Security Token Offerings (STO)

Security Token Offerings (STOs) have similarities to Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs). Through this crowdfunding strategy, it combines the efficiency of blockchain technology, with the legal protections found in standard securities offerings. This form of crowdfunding creates a safer investment situation for potential investors.

Advantages of STO

  • As compared to ICO: STOs are viewed as less risky than ICOs owing to the securities rules that security tokens must follow in order to ensure transparency and accountability. STOs are compliant with the law, which reduces risk and encourages institutional investors to participate.
  • An advantage to Investors: By owning platform tokens, STO investors gain instant benefits. Users may receive voting rights, dividends, or even profit shares, depending on the platform. If you buy in an ICO that includes these qualities, you’re most likely investing in a security token. If this is the case, you should make sure the token is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to avoid any future repercussions.

Disadvantage of STO

  • Complex compliance: Traditional securities regulations still apply to security tokens. As a result, firms launching an STO will be subject to the same restrictions as those launching an IPO. Depending on the assets you’re securitizing, you’ll need an experienced team with commercial credentials as well as specialists in a variety of areas. Unlike an ICO, which places a greater emphasis on technology, security tokens get their value from company operations, therefore they must run smoothly.

Initial Exchange Offerings (IEOs)

Initial Exchange Offerings (IEO) is where cryptocurrency exchanges oversee token sales. The benefits are clear: blockchain projects go through a comprehensive vetting process where their whitepapers are scrutinized, and their crowdfunding push will also get publicity. Many investors tend to find IEO platforms more attractive because there is a higher level of due diligence than ICOs.

Advantages of IEOs:

  • Investors feel more confident: Especially seeing digital asset token sales on trusted crypto exchanges can give the project more legitimacy.
  • The IEO project will most likely run smoothly. In addition to overseeing token offerings, IEO platforms can offer marketing and development support. 

Disadvantages of IEOs:

  • Crypto projects must pay a listing fee: Start-ups may also have to exchange a certain percentage of the tokens in the form of a commission. 
  • Pump and Dump are still risky: After the token sale, some digital assets rise in value very quickly and then fall dramatically. 

Initial Dex Offerings (IDO)

An Initial Dex Offering (IDO) is a token that represents all types of assets hosted on a decentralized exchange (DEX). IDOs can be created for anything from cryptocurrencies to music albums. IDO engages its community in the economy to assist its products and services while making smart business decisions regarding its assets.


  • Open and fair fundraising: Usually, it is observed that in the token offerings method, as soon as the token sale goes public, private investors buy a large number of tokens for a lesser price. They will resell these tokens to the general public gaining a huge profit.
  • Fast Trading: Another advantage of IDO is that it may be exchanged right away. As a result, when the token is released, investors will be able to purchase their tokens immediately. Also, later during the IDO, resale them at a greater price.


  • The token price can vary as an investor swaps the token. Only a small number of investors can buy the token at the listed token price. This will lead to the following point.
  • When the token price starts to move, investors have to immediately decide whether to invest in a new swap listing or not. There is an increased chance of fake tokens being listed in IDO to acquire some initial liquidity. This liquidity rug pull can cost the investors their money.


Explore further insights into optimizing your cryptocurrency investments with our Cryptocurrency Consulting Services at Kelly+Partners Accountants Burbank. Leveraging over 20 years of expertise in catering to the forensic accounting and business management requirements of Burbank, CA, and the surrounding locales of Los Angeles County, we stand ready to guide you through the intricate landscape of cryptocurrency finance. Should you require support in overseeing any facet of your business’s finances, don’t hesitate to contact us.

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